Senin, 09 Desember 2013


1.      RECOUNT
Social function: to retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining
Generic structure
·         Orientation            :  provides the setting and introduces participants
                               (when, and where)
·          Events                   :  tell what happened in a chronological order
·          Re-orientation     :  optional-closure of events
Recount texts tell a series of events and evaluate their significance
in some way.
Language Features : - The use simple past tenses
                                           S + V2 ( we went for a trip to the zoo )

Activity 1. Answer these following questions.
            1. Do you have any interesting experience to tell?
                2. Can you recall it?
                3. Will you tell your experience to your friend?
           Activity 2.Read and study the text structure of the recount text.
            My Day    
                 I had a terrible day yesterday. First, I woke up an hour late because my alarm clock didn't go off. Then, I was in such a hurry that I burned my hand when I was making breakfast. After breakfast, I got dressed so quickly that I forgot to wear socks. Next, I ran out of the house trying to get the 9:30 bus, but of course I missed it. I wanted to take a taxi, but I didn't have enough money.
 Finally, I walked the three miles to my school only to discover that it was Sunday! I hope I never have a day as the one I had yesterday.
            Taken from Ready to Write, 2003
 Activity 3. Answer the following questions based on the text activity 2.
1.      What happened to the writer yesterday?
2.       Why did he wake up an hour late?
3.       What did he do after having breakfast?
4.       How far did the writer walk?
       5.       What does the writer hope? 
Activity 4. Say it Right and find their synonym.
1. wanted /wɒntɪd/
2. ran out /rʌn aʊt/
3. walked /wɔ:kd/
4. forgot /fə'gɒt/
5. missed /mɪsd/
                                6. burned /bɜ:nd/
                                7. woke up /wɒk ʌp/
                                8. hurry /hʌrɪ/
                                9. terrible /'terəbl/
                              10. quickly /kwiklɪ/

                  Grammar Spot
                                                                                                 Simple Past Tense
                                (+) S + V2
                                (-)  S + did not + V1
                                (?) Did + S + V1
To talk about past events and conditions, you use VERB-2 forms. Here are some examples taken from the text.
(+) I joined the Traditional Dance Competition in Jakarta last year.
(-) I did not feel nervous anymore.
The adverbs that are usually used in the ‘simple past tense’ sentences are:
Yesterday, last week, a week ago, …ago, last…,etc

  Activity 5. Fill in the blanks with correct verb forms. Look at the example.
                                                 am     win    take    have    join    are

The Football Competition
When I 1) was in the Junior High School, I joined two clubs. They 2) ________  the Football Club and the Karate Club. I 3) _______ those clubs because   I love sports, especially football and karate. I 4) ________ football on Sunday mornings and karate on Mondays at 4 p.m.
One day my football club joined a football competition. There were eight clubs joining the competition. At first, our club 5) __________ the match. Then, we had to defeat one club to get to the final. Remarkably, we won again. After those two matches, we 6) _________ lunch in the cafeteria nearby. We were so impatient to play in the last game. It was the hard one because our opponent was very tough. Finally, we won the game with a nice score of 3 – 2. We were very happy and proud.

Activity 6. Ask your classmate is sitting next to you and say what you did last weekend. Look at the following example.
For example:
1. You                    : What did you do on your last weekend?
Your friend         : It was alright. I didn't do anything special.
2. You                    : Did you have a good weekend?
                Your friend         : Yes. It was great. I had a lovely time. I went to theatre and I     watched a  
                                                  great movie.

Activity 7. Study and pronounce the following words. Then, read the text on Torajan funeral and answer the questions.
balcony (kb) : balkon
coffin (kb) : peti mati
corpse (kb) : jenazah
elaborate  (ks) : rumit
kin (kb) : sanak; famili
slaughter  (kkt) : menyembelih

                                                      My Grandpa’s Funeral in Toraja                                         
Last month my family and I went to Toraja to attend   Grandpa’s funeral. It was my first time to go to such a ceremony. We gathered there with our kind in the ceremony.
Overall, the ceremony was quite elaborate. It took about a week. Several days before the ceremony was done, grandpa’s body was kept in a series of houses arranged in circular row around an open field called tongkonan. His corpse was dressed in a fine wearing.
The funeral was performed in two phases. First, we slaughtered the pigs and buffaloes, and then moved the corpse to face north. In this ceremony we wore black clothes. After that, the corpse was placed in a sandal wood coffin. Then, it was brought out of the house and placed on an open platform beneath the granary. Meanwhile, my uncle, my brother, and I prepared the wooden puppet and a funeral tower called lakian. The next phase of the ceremony was held in this place. The coffin is borne from the house and placed in the lakian. During the day, there were also buffalo matches. They were great matches. In the night, we were feasting, chanting, and dancing.
On the last day, the grandpa’s coffin were lowered from the funeral tower and brought up to the mountainside family graveyard. Great shouting and excitement followed it from the relatives and the guests. Finally, we installed the wooden puppet on a high balcony where other puppets representing the members of a whole family were already there.
The funeral ceremonies made my family and me tired. However, we were grateful because it ran smoothly.
                                               Adapted from:
1. When did the writer attend the funeral?
2. How long did the writer and his family hold the ceremony?
3. What did they do to the corpse before the funeral was done?
4. What did they do after the corpse was placed in a sandal wood coffin?
5. What did they do on the last day of the ceremony?

In a recount text, you find words and phrases used to start, connect a sentence with the next one, and 
end your composition. Those words and phrases are: First, Then, After that, Final.

Let’s Make a Summary 
A recount text is a text that tells about a part of experience. A recount text has an orientation, a series of events in chronological order, personal remarks on the events, and a re-orientation that “rounds off” the sequence of events. In the text, you will find words and phrases used to start, connect a sentence with the next one, and end your composition. 
 2.      NARRATIVE 
 Social function : to amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or vicarious experience
     in different ways.
Generic Structure :
·         Orientation    :  sets the scene and introduces the participants (intro-
                        duces the main characters in a setting of time
   and place).
·         Complication:  a crisis/ problems arises.
·         Resolution     : the crisis is resolved, for better or for worse.
Language Features : - use of noun phrases ( a beautiful princess, huge temple)
       use of Simple Past Tenses ( He walked away from  the village)
     - use of nouns and pronouns to identify people or things involved;
     - use of conjunction and time connectives to sequence the events;
     - use of adverbs and adverbial phrases to indicate place and time;
     - use of adjectives to describe nouns.

Activity 1. Answer these following questions.
                     1. Have you ever written a story?
  2. What do you do first when you write a story?
  3. Have you ever written a fairy tale?
  4. Are there any differences between writing fairy tales and ordinary short stories?

Activity 2.Read and study the text structure of the narrative text. 
The Fortune Teller
In the great city of Taipei, there lived a man called Lin and his wife. They had no children. Because of this, they were very unhappy. One day, they found a baby boy outside their door. He was wrapped in a blanket and crying. They took the baby into their house and called him Sau Ling. They loved him very much. 
When Sau Ling was a young man, a fortune-teller came to the house. "You must send your son away," he said. "One day he will become a thief and cause you a lot of trouble."
 Mr and Mrs Lin were very sad to hear this. They believed what the fortune-teller said. They gave Sau Ling some clothes and money and sent him away. 
Several years later, Sau Ling was having a meal in an inn several miles from Taipei. He put his bag on the floor near his table. After finishing his meal, he picked up his bag. "That's strange!" he thought, "It feels so heavy."He looked inside. It was full of small gold bars. Then he realized that someone had taken his bag by mistake and left another bag, in its place.
 That evening, a young man came to the inn, "Has anyone seen my bag?" he asked. Sau Ling was very honest. He returned the bag to him. The young man thanked him. "You are really very honest," he said, "I shall ask may to say. He left the house without saying a word. Mr and Mrs Lin never believed in fortune-teller after that. Sau Ling took them to live with him and they were very happy and contented until the end of their lives.
Taken from Favorite Stories from Taiwan, 2000 
Activity 3. Punctuate and capitalize the following story. 

one day a monkey wanted to cross a river he saw a crocodile in the river so he asked the crocodile told the monkey to jump onto its back then the crocodile swam down the river
now the crocodile was very hungry so when it was in the middle of the river it stopped and said to the monkey monkey my father is very sick he must eat the heart of a monkey the he will be strong again
the monkey thought for a while then he told the crocodile to swim back to the river bankwhat for asked the crocodile because i didn't bring my heart with me said the monkey I left it under the tree near some coconuts
so the crocodile turned around and swam back to the bank of the river as soon as they reached the river bank the monkey jumped off the crocodiles back and climbed up to the top of a tree
where is your heart asked the  crocodile
you are foolish the monkey said to the crocodile now i am free and you have nothing 
the monkey told the crocodile not to try to trick him again the crocodile swam away hungry
                          Taken from

Activity 4.Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity3Setting nts Outcome                            1. How many characters are there in the story? Mention them.
2. Where did the story probably take place?
3. What the monkey wanted in the river?
4. What the crocodile said when it was in the middle of the river?
5. Did the crocodile succeed in getting heart of a monkey?
6. What do you call a story that talks about animals which can speak?
7. What is the message of the story?

Activity 5. Read another narrative story .
The Fox and the Crow

A crow, perched in a tree with a piece of cheese in his beak, attracted the eye and nose of a fox. "If you can sing as prettily as you sit," said the fox, "then you are the prettiest singer within my scent and sight." The fox had read somewhere, and somewhere, and somewhere else, that praising the voice of a crow with a cheese in his beak would make him drop the cheese and sing. But this is not what happened to this particular crow in this particular case.
"They say you are sly and they say you are crazy," said the crow, having
carefully removed the cheese from his beak with the claws of one foot, "but you must be nearsighted as well. Warblers wear gay hats and colored jackets and bright vest, and they are a dollar a hundred. I wear black and I am unique."
I am sure you are," said the fox, who was
neither crazy nor nearsighted, but sly. "I recognize you, now that I look more closely, as the most famed and talented of all birds, and I fain would hear you tell about yourself, but I am hungry and must go." "Tarry awhile," said the crow quickly, "and share my lunch with me." Whereupon he tossed the cunning fox the lion's share of the cheese, and began to tell about himself. "A ship that sails without a crow's nest sails to doom," he said. "Bars may come and bars may go, but crow bars last forever. I am the pioneer of flight, I am the map maker. Last, but never least, my flight is known to scientists and engineers, geometricians, and scholar, as the shortest distance between two points. Any two points," he concluded arrogantly. "Oh, every two points, I am sure," said the fox. "And thank you for the lion's share of what I know you could not spare." And with this he trotted away into the woods, his appetite appeased, leaving the hungry crow perched forlornly in the tree.
          Taken from

 Activity 6.Answer the following questions based on the text in Activity5
                          1. How many characters are there in the story?
         2. Where did the story probably take place?
         3. Why did the fox praise the voice of the crow?
                                         4. Had the crow known the fox's plan of praising him?
         5. Did the fox give up trying to persuade the crow to share his lunch?
         6. What did the fox do in order that the crow shared his lunch?
         7. Did the fox succeed in getting what he wanted?
                         8. What is the moral of the story?
Let’s Make a Summary 
Every text has its own structure. The structure of narrative text consists of three parts: complication, and resolution. Orientation describes scene and introduces the participants of the story. Complication begins when there is a problem in resolution. The structure of narrative text occurs in the text variously. A text may have only one complication and resolution but another text may have more than complication and resolution.

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